Top 10 Largest Dams In The World

There are over 2,000 large dams worldwide, and they cover more than 15% of the global land area. These structures provide water for agriculture, hydropower generation, flood control, navigation, and other uses.

Dams are often controversial because they disrupt natural ecosystems and affect human health. They also generate significant amounts of greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute to climate change. This video explores the top 10 Largest Dams In The World.

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List of Top 10 Largest Dams In The World

Largest Dams In The World
Largest Dams In The World

Are you aware of the largest dam in the world? If not, then let me tell you about it. The Three Gorges Dam is the largest manmade structure in the world. Located in China, it has a total capacity of 21.1 million cubic meters. That’s enough water to cover the entire country of Australia almost three times over. Largest Dams In The World.

#1. Three Gorges Dam

Three Gorges Dam is the largest dam in the world. Three Gorges is the largest hydroelectric power station in the world. It is also one of the seven modern wonders of the world. The Three Gorges have an area of more than 2,000 square kilometers.

Three Gorges Dam
Three Gorges Dam

The Three Gorges Dam was completed in 2009, becoming the world’s largest hydroelectric power plant. The dam has six turbines capable of generating 22,500 megawatts (MW) of electricity annually. The Hoover Dam, located in Nevada, was built between 1936 and 1938. Largest Dams In The World.

#2. Guri Dam

Guri dam is one of the largest dams in the world. It was built by the Soviet Union in order to provide electricity for their country. The reservoir created by the dam has an area of 8,000 square kilometers. The dam is also known as the Terek Hydroelectric Station. It is the third-largest hydroelectric power station in Europe.

Guri Dam
Guri Dam

Guri Dam is located at the border of Iran and Turkey and is considered one of the largest dams in the world. The construction of the dam began in 1966 and was completed in 1975. The main purpose of the project was irrigation and flood control. Largest Dams In The World.

#3. Tarbela Dam

Tarbela Dam
Tarbela Dam

The Tarbela Dam is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province on the Indus River near the border with Afghanistan. The reservoir created behind the dam has a capacity of 21 million cubic meters (8.5 billion gallons). The dam itself has three turbines with a total installed capacity of 2,600 MW.

#4. Robert-Bourassa Generating Facility

Tarbela Dam is one of the largest dams in the world. It has been built on the Indus River in Pakistan. The dam was constructed between 1962 and 1965 by the Pakistani government. It is located near the town of Abbottabad.

Robert-Bourassa Generating Facility
Robert-Bourassa Generating Facility

The Robert-Bourassa generating facility is the largest hydroelectric power plant in Canada. Located near Montreal, Quebec, it has five turbines capable of producing 3,600 megawatts (MW) of electricity. This makes it the fifth-largest hydroelectric station in the world.

#5. Aswan Dam

Aswan Dam is one of the largest dams in the world. It was built between 1962 and 1970 by Egypt and Sudan. The dam has an area of about 2,000 square kilometers. Its height is 690 meters above sea level.  The dam is located on the Nile River near Aswan.

Aswan Dam
Aswan Dam

The Aswan Dam was built between 1960 and 1970 at a cost of $1.5 billion (equivalent to $4.6 billion today). It was designed to generate power and provide water storage for Egypt and Sudan. It has also created Lake Nasser, the world’s fourth-largest artificial lake.

#6. Atatürk Dam

Ataturk Dam is one of the largest dams in the world. It was built by Turkey’s founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The dam has an area of 5,000 hectares and a height of 48 meters. It is located on the River Yeşilırmak.

Atatürk Dam
Atatürk Dam

The Atatürk Dam is located at the upper course of the river Büyük Menderes in the town of Adapazarı in İzmir Province, Turkey. It was built between 1968 and 1974. Its main purpose is irrigation and power generation.

#7. Fort Peck Dam

Fort Peck Dam is the largest dam in North America. It was built by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1936. The dam has an area of 6,000 acres and covers over 200 miles of river.  The dam is located on the Missouri River in Montana.

Fort Peck Dam
Fort Peck Dam

The Fort Peck Reservoir is the largest man-made lake in Montana, USA. Its surface area covers nearly 4,500 square miles or 6 times larger than Yellowstone National Park. It also holds over 7 million acre-feet (2 trillion gallons) of water.

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#8. Krasnoyarsk Dam

Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station is the largest hydroelectric power station in Russia. It was built on the Yenisei River near the city of Krasnoyarsky in Siberia. The dam has a capacity of 2,200 MW and generates about 3% of total electricity produced by hydropower stations in Russia. The dam is located in the Siberian taiga forest and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Russia.

Krasnoyarsk Dam
Krasnoyarsk Dam

The Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station (or Krasnoyarsky) is located in Siberia, Russia. It was built in 1977. It has a total capacity of 2,100 megawatts and generates over 4% of Russia’s electricity.

#9. Nurek Dam

Nurek Dam is the largest dam in the world. It was built by the Soviet Union in the 1950s.

Nurek Dam
Nurek Dam

Nurek Dam is located in Iran, near the city of Qom. The dam was built between 1891 and 1893. At its completion, it had a length of 2.5 km, a width of 60 m, and a height of 48 m. The reservoir has a capacity of 3 million cubic meters, and the water surface area is about 4 square kilometers.

#10. Gardiner Dam

Gardiner Dam
Gardiner Dam

The Gardiner Dam is the tallest concrete arch dam in the world. Completed in 1963, the structure spans 1,400 feet across the Niagara River. This massive dam holds back 27 billion gallons of water at full capacity and produces enough electricity to power almost 500,000 homes.

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